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Gender Bias in Intrahousehold Allocation: Evidence from an Unintentional Experiment

Luis Braido (), Pedro Olinto () and Helena Perrone

The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2012, vol. 94, issue 2, 552-565

Abstract: We use data from a Brazilian social program to investigate the existence of gender bias in intrahousehold allocations of resources. The program makes cash transfers to mothers and pregnant women in poor households. Bureaucratic mistakes, beyond the control of the applicants, have inadvertently excluded many households that had applied and were accepted to the program. This unintentional natural experiment is used to identify the impact of an exogenous variation in female nonlabor income over household consumption. We find that program participation led to an increase in food expenditure, but this effect is not due to women being the benefit recipients. © 2012 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Keywords: Bolsa Alimentação; Gender Bias; Collective Approach; Household Bargain; Unitary Model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D12 J16 O54 H31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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The Review of Economics and Statistics is currently edited by Amitabh Chandra, Olivier Coibion, Bryan S. Graham, Shachar Kariv, Amit K. Khandelwal, Asim Ijaz Khwaja, Brigitte C. Madrian and Rohini Pande

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