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Female Entrepreneurship, Agglomeration, and a New Spatial Mismatch

Stuart Rosenthal () and William Strange

The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2012, vol. 94, issue 3, 764-788

Abstract: Female entrepreneurs may be less networked than their male counterparts and so derive less benefit from agglomeration. They may also have greater domestic burdens and therefore have higher commuting costs. This paper develops a theoretical model showing that either of these forces can lead to the segregation of male- and female-owned businesses, with female entrepreneurs choosing locations farther from agglomerations and commuting shorter distances. Empirical analysis is consistent with these predictions. Female-owned businesses are segregated, often to a degree similar to black-white residential segregation. Female-owned enterprises are less exposed to agglomeration, with 10% to 20% less own-industry employment nearby. © 2012 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Keywords: agglomeration; female entrepreneurship; spatial mismatch (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 L26 R30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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The Review of Economics and Statistics is currently edited by Amitabh Chandra, Olivier Coibion, Bryan S. Graham, Shachar Kariv, Amit K. Khandelwal, Asim Ijaz Khwaja, Brigitte C. Madrian and Rohini Pande

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