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High-Performing Peers and Female STEM Choices in School

Pierre Mouganie and Yaojing Wang

Journal of Labor Economics, 2020, vol. 38, issue 3, 805 - 841

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine how social environment affects women’s STEM choices as early as high school. Using administrative data from China, we find that exposure to high-performing female peers in mathematics increases the likelihood that women choose a science track during high school, while exposure to more high-performing males decrease this likelihood. We also find that peer quality has persistent effects on college outcomes. Overall, there is little evidence of peer effects for boys. Our results suggest that girls doing well in mathematics provide an affirmation effect that encourages female classmates to pursue a STEM track.

Date: 2020
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Working Paper: High-Performing Peers and Female STEM Choices in School (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: High Performing Peers and Female STEM Choices in School (2017) Downloads
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