Economics at your fingertips  

Accounting for the Decline in AFDC Caseloads: Welfare Reform or the Economy?

James Ziliak, David Figlio (), Elizabeth Davis and Laura S. Connolly

Journal of Human Resources, 2000, vol. 35, issue 3, 570-586

Abstract: We use state-level monthly panel data to assess the relative contributions of the macroeconomy and welfare reform in accounting for the 1993-96 decline in Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) caseloads. Our results suggest that the decline in per capita AFDC caseloads is attributable largely to the economic conditions in states and not to waivers from federal welfare policies. Nationwide, we attribute 66 percent of the decline to the macroeconomy. However, we do find substantial heterogeneity in the impact and timing of alternative waivers on AFDC caseloads. States with waivers impacting parental responsibilities experienced greater caseload declines than states with waivers that made work more attractive. Overall, our model predicts that had it not been for the influence of economic factors, welfare reform would not have led to any decrease in aggregate caseloads.

Date: 2000
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (65) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
A subscripton is required to access pdf files. Pay per article is available.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

More articles in Journal of Human Resources from University of Wisconsin Press
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

Page updated 2022-01-18
Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:35:y:2000:i:3:p:570-586