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Empirical Research Towards the Factors Influencing Corporate Financial Performance on the Bucharest Stock Exchange

Georgeta Vintila, Nenu Elena Alexandra () and Ştefan Gherghina ()

Scientific Annals of Economics and Business, 2014, vol. 61, issue 2, 219-233

Abstract: This study aims to investigate the potential factors of influence on corporate financial performance, by using the panel data regression analysis. The research was employed for a sample consisting of 40 companies listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange, over the period 2010-2012. Corporate financial performance considered as the dependent variable was proxied through return on assets, return on equity, and Tobin’s Q ratio. There were selected the following factors that could influence corporate financial performance: capital structure, firm size, and corporate social responsibility involvement. Likewise, several control variables have been introduced: structure of the ownership and institutional investors. The results show a strong negative relationship between corporate financial performance and debt to equity ratio. Also, there has been revealed a positive influence of the company size on performance, although weak. Furthermore, the relationship between financial performance and social performance has been statistically validated, both using accounting and market ratios.

Date: 2014
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