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The role of the WTO and the international agencies in SPS standard setting

Alan Swinbank ()

Agribusiness, 1999, vol. 15, issue 3, 323-333

Abstract: Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) regulations can act as nontariff barriers, and as such have long been of concern to the international trading community. Until 1995 the provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade had little impact on SPS measures, despite an Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade negotiated during the Tokyo Round. With the conclusion of the Marrakesh Accords, the new Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and a more potent Dispute Settlements procedure, mean that SPS measures are now more tightly regulated. This paper examines the Agreement, its modus operandi, and its dependence upon the activities of the international standards setting bodies such as Codex Alimentarius. It outlines some of the problems that have been identified by the WTO signatories, and considers the likely outcome of the current review. [Econ-Lit citations: K330, L660, Q170] © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Date: 1999
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