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Farm organization and resource use

Mark B. Campbell and Ariel Dinar ()
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Mark B. Campbell: Management Systems Research, Sacramento, California, Postal: Management Systems Research, Sacramento, California

Agribusiness, 1993, vol. 9, issue 5, 465-480

Abstract: In a study investigating the adoption of irrigation and drainage reduction technologies, a classification of farms predicated on the organizational characteristics of the firm was used to assess farm decision making with regard to resource use. Organizational classes represent farms that differ in size, technology, crop mix, or labor but that manage these and other resources similarly through their organizational structure. Organizational structure was the product of the farm's assignment of task roles, the formalization of rules and procedures surrounding the task, and the relationship between workers and the task. We identified five types of farm organizations-the unified organization, the primary hierarchy, the simple functional hierarchy, the complex functional hierarchy, and the market hierarchy-which were tested against common production resources to (1) determine the ability of our classification to differentiate farms according to these characteristics and (2) assess regional differences in the availability and quality of resources upon farm decision making. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Date: 1993
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DOI: 10.1002/1520-6297(199309)9:5<465::AID-AGR2720090505>3.0.CO;2-U

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