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Reforming Canada's Dairy Sector: USMCA and the Issue of Compensation

Gerrit van Kooten

Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 2020, vol. 42, issue 3, 542-558

Abstract: Supply management (SM) in Canada's dairy sector was an obstacle to the successful renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Reform of agricultural SM regimes in sugar, peanuts, tobacco, and dairy in various jurisdictions are reviewed, and an analytic framework is developed to investigate how Canada might eliminate its dairy quota regime while not overcompensating producers. Compensation based on quota values amount to $5.9 billion if untargeted, but only $2.9 billion if targeted; in contrast, theoretically correct estimates of the loss that dairy producers would face range from $0.2 to $1.9 billion. Such costs are low enough not to impede the elimination of supply management.

Date: 2020
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