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The retirement incentive effects of Canada's Income Security programs

Michael Baker, Jonathan Gruber and Kevin Milligan ()

Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, 2003, vol. 36, issue 2, 261-290

Abstract: Abstract Canada has a large Income Security system for retirement that provides significant and widely varying disincentives to work at older ages. We provide an empirical analysis of the retirement incentives of the Canadian Income Security system using a new administrative database. We find that the work disincentives inherent in the Canadian Income Security system have significant impacts on retirement. This suggests that program reform can play a role in responses to fiscal pressures. We also demonstrate the importance of controlling for lifetime earnings in retirement models. Specifications without these controls overestimate the effects of the Income Security system. JEL Classification: H55, J26 Les effets d’incitation à la retraite des programmes de la sécurité du revenu au Canada Le Canada a un important système de sécurité du revenu après retraite qui crée des désincitations importantes et diverses au travail pour les gens d’un âge avancé. Les auteurs donnent des résultats d’une analyse empirique de ces incitations en utilisant certaines données administratives nouvelles. Il semble que ces désincitations au travailont un impact significatif sur les décisions de retraite. Voilà qui suggère qu’une réforme des programmes peut avoir un impact important sur les réactions aux pressions fiscales. On montre aussi que la prise en compte des revenus tout au long de lavie active a une grande importance dans les modèles de retraite. Il est clair que toutes les spécifications de modèles qui ne prennent pas en compte ces facteurs tendent à sur‐estimer les effets des programmes de la sécurité du revenu.

Date: 2003
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https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-5982.t01-1-00001

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