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Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from animal production

Zifei Liu and Yang Liu

Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, 2018, vol. 8, issue 4, 627-638

Abstract: The accurate quantification of the carbon footprints of animal products and the related development of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation strategies are of interest to consumers, the general public, and the academic community. The objective of this review was to summarize recent advances in GHG emission quantification, life‐cycle assessment applications, and mitigation technologies for animal production in the USA, to assist the development of system‐based solutions for mitigation of GHG emissions from animal production. The GHG emissions from animal production mainly come from feed production, enteric fermentation, and manure management. Opportunities to mitigate emissions from feed production largely rely on continuous improvements in animal and feed production efficiency. This is in general agreement with the economic interest of the industry. To mitigate emissions from manure, many technologies can be chosen, depending on the given economic and regulatory environments. It is possible to minimize GHG emissions from manure through manure energy recovery when this is economically feasible. For enteric emissions, there are limited opportunities to reduce GHG emissions through dietary manipulation, feed management, or feed supplementations. Improving environmental stewardship of consumers and reducing food waste will reduce animal protein demand and are important bottom‐line strategies to mitigate GHG from animal production systems. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:wly:greenh:v:8:y:2018:i:4:p:627-638