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Exchange Rate Pass‐Through, Domestic Competition, and Inflation: Evidence from the 2005–08 Revaluation of the Renminbi

Raphael Auer

Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 2015, vol. 47, issue 8, 1617-1650

Abstract: Import competition from China is pervasive in the sense that for many good categories, the competitive environment that U.S. firms face in these markets is strongly driven by the prices of Chinese imports, and so is their pricing decision. This paper quantifies the effect of the government‐controlled appreciation of the Chinese renminbi vis‐à‐vis the USD from 2005 to 2008 on the prices charged by U.S. domestic producers. In a panel spanning the period from 1994 to 2010 and including up to 519 manufacturing sectors, import price changes of Chinese goods pass into U.S. producer prices at an average rate of 0.7, while import price changes that can be traced back to exchange rate movements of other trade partners only have mild effects on U.S. prices. Further analysis points to the importance of trade integration, variable markups, and demand complementarities on the one side, and to the importance of imported intermediate goods on the other side as drivers of these patterns. Simulations incorporating these microeconomic findings reveal that a substantial revaluation of the renminbi would result in a pronounced increase in aggregate U.S. producer price inflation.

Date: 2015
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http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/jmcb.12286

Related works:
Working Paper: Exchange Rate Pass-Through, Domestic Competition, and Inflation: Evidence from the 2005/08 Revaluation of the Renminbi (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Exchange Rate Pass-Through, Domestic Competition, and Infl?ation: Evidence from the 2005/08 Revaluation of the Renminbi (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Exchange Rate Pass-Through, Domestic Competition, and Inflation: Evidence from the 2005/08 Revaluation of the Renminbi (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Exchange Rate Pass-Through, Domestic Competition, and Inflation: Evidence from the 2005/08 Revaluation of the Renminbi (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Exchange rate pass-through, domestic competition and inflation -- evidence from the 2005/08 revaluation of the Renminbi (2011) Downloads
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