OPEN INNOVATION AND ITS EFFECTIVENESS TO EMBRACE TURBULENT ENVIRONMENTS
Fiona M. Schweitzer (),
Oliver Gassmann () and
Kurt Gaubinger ()
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Fiona M. Schweitzer: Upper Austria University of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Degree Program of Innovation and Product Management, Stelzhamerstraße 23, 4600 Wels, Austria
Oliver Gassmann: University of St. Gallen, Institute of Technology Management, Dufourstrasse 40a, 9000, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Kurt Gaubinger: Upper Austria University of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Degree Program of Innovation and Product Management, Stelzhamerstraße 23, 4600 Wels, Austria
International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), 2011, vol. 15, issue 06, 1191-1207
The paper focuses on the challenges of integrating external sources in the innovation process and investigates the role of environmental turbulence in this context. Building on the resources-based view and the dynamic capabilities perspective the authors propose that open innovation strategies assist companies in navigating through turbulent times. Empirical testing of this assumption in a sample of 101 manufacturing firms indicates that open innovation activities are more important in turbulent than in non-turbulent markets and that supplier integration is vital when technological turbulence is high, whilst customer integration is critical in environments characterized by high market turbulence. From a practical point of view, these findings highlight the importance of stakeholder integration in the innovation process and provide details on the successful implementation of this strategy under different environmental settings.
Keywords: Open innovation; market turbulence; technological turbulence; innovation performance; customer integration; supplier integration; dynamic capabilities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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