WHAT DRIVES ENTERPRISE PRODUCT INNOVATION? ASSESSING HOW REGIONAL, NATIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL INTER-FIRM COLLABORATION COMPLEMENT OR SUBSTITUTE FOR R&D INVESTMENTS
Jarle Aarstad (),
Olav Andreas Kvitastein and
Additional contact information
Jarle Aarstad: Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway
Olav Andreas Kvitastein: Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway
Stig-Erik Jakobsen: Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway
International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), 2019, vol. 23, issue 05, 1-25
We study whether regional, national, and international inter-firm collaboration complement or substitute for enterprise R&D investments as drivers of product innovation. Analysing a large-scale dataset of 6,584 Norwegian enterprises, we find that for enterprises without R&D investments, regional collaboration, in particular, has a positive innovation effect. Unsurprisingly, R&D investments also have a positive innovation effect, but more interestingly; for enterprises with R&D investments, international collaboration has an additive effect, whereas regional and national collaboration have no effect. The findings imply that regional collaboration, in particular, substitutes for enterprise R&D investments as a driver of product innovation, whereas international collaboration has an additive and complementary effect. We moreover find that in particular enterprises with R&D investments, but without international collaboration, are more innovative the smaller they are. Conversely, enterprises with R&D investments have a stronger innovation effect from international collaboration the larger they are.
Keywords: Product innovation; R&D investments; inter-firm collaboration; enterprise size; substitution and complementary effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wsi:ijimxx:v:23:y:2019:i:05:n:s1363919619500403
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim) is currently edited by Joe Tidd
More articles in International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim) from World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Tai Tone Lim ().