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CONTINUOUS OPINION DYNAMICS UNDER BOUNDED CONFIDENCE: A SURVEY

Jan Lorenz ()
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Jan Lorenz: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bremen, Bibliothekstraße, 28329 Bremen, Germany

International Journal of Modern Physics C (IJMPC), 2007, vol. 18, issue 12, 1819-1838

Abstract: Models of continuous opinion dynamics under bounded confidence have been presented independently by Krause and Hegselmann and by Deffuantet al.in 2000. They have raised a fair amount of attention in the communities of social simulation, sociophysics and complexity science. The researchers working on it come from disciplines such as physics, mathematics, computer science, social psychology and philosophy.In these models agents hold continuous opinions which they can gradually adjust if they hear the opinions of others. The idea of bounded confidence is that agents only interact if they are close in opinion to each other. Usually, the models are analyzed with agent-based simulations in a Monte Carlo style, but they can also be reformulated on the agent's density in the opinion space in a master equation style. The contribution of this survey is fourfold. First, it will present the agent-based and density-based modeling frameworks including the cases of multidimensional opinions and heterogeneous bounds of confidence. Second, it will give the bifurcation diagrams of cluster configuration in the homogeneous model with uniformly distributed initial opinions. Third, it will review the several extensions and the evolving phenomena which have been studied so far, and fourth it will state some open questions.

Keywords: Opinion dynamics; continuous opinions; cluster formation; bifurcation patterns; 89.20.-a; 89.65.-s (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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