School choice, equity and efficiency: International evidence from PISA-2012
Oscar Montes Pineda () and
Luis Rubalcaba ()
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Oscar Montes Pineda: Universidad de Alcalá
Chapter 31 in Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, 2014, vol. 9, pp 585-614 from Asociación de Economía de la Educación
School choice is one of the most researched topics in the educational sciences in the last decades. Its importance in reorganizing educational systems in many countries is unquestionable. Current literature underline that its impact should be positive under certain policy framework: this is because the main worries on school choice are about segregation problems or results on equity. This paper has two research objectives. First, our interest will be to assess the extent to which choice and choice-equity mechanisms influence school efficiency, and secondly, understand in the case of choice-equity mechanisms, if the effects over efficiency are somehow related to social composition or the results of competition. The study is done at international level, using OECD-PISA2012 data from 39 countries. The methodology is based on building an efficiency function based on non-parametric techniques firstly, and on econometric modelling of both choice variables solely and composite choiceequity measures over school efficiency by means of truncated regression. Our results achieved suggest that effects of choice and choice-equity mechanisms vary. As for choice measures solely no concluding evidence was found. In contrast, when considering combined choice-equity measures, positive effects accrue when parents/students have the right to enrol in any school of their choice. Nevertheless, we have to say that these results are only applicable specifically to the percentage of students in schools having an average SES level (student-intake) of student composition in their schools.
Keywords: School choice; equity; education; school efficiency; DEA; OECD-PISA-2012 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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