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The Effect of Original Countries’ Income Per Capita on the Flow of China’s Inbound International Students (1999-2011)

Le Kang () and Yingquan Song ()
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Le Kang: Peking University
Yingquan Song: Peking University

Chapter 55 in Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, 2014, vol. 9, pp 1041-1054 from Asociación de Economía de la Educación

Abstract: In this paper we estimate the effect of original countries’ GDP per capita on China’s inbound international students, with panel data during time period of 1999-2011, using a gravity model. And we contribute to the literature in multiple dimensions: Firstly, we carefully examined the effect of original countries’ GDP per capita, and this effect was usually either considered positive but not confirmed, or even excluded from discussion in the previous studies. And by solving the problem of endogeneity, we conclude the effects of original countries’ GDP per capita are unanimously positive for the flow of degree, non-degree, and overall students. Secondly, we classified the international students into degree and non-degree ones, and examined the effect on them respectively. And by comparing the absolute value of coefficients, we conclude they are slightly different. Finally, we focus on China’s inbound international student, and this fills the gap in previous studies, which discussed the developed countries mostly.

Keywords: GDP per capita; inbound international students; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 I23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-942418-8-8
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