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Comparing Eastern and Western Europe: has Communism succeeded in increasing educational attainments?

Gintarė Mališauskaite ()

Chapter 09 in Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, 2015, vol. 10, pp 183-210 from Asociación de Economía de la Educación

Abstract: The paper researches the influence of Communist regime on educational attainments in Eastern Europe in comparison to Western Europe. Education policy in Communism influence area had distinctive qualities: it centrally regulated, free, encouraged to be undertaken by all, supported financially and endorsed equality between genders. The effectiveness of this policy is tested by comparing countries that were subject to regime’s influence with those that were not part of it, and searching for observable differences between people who made education choices under the influence of the regime compared to those that were not. This research suggests that Communist regime had a significant effect towards educational attainments of people who experienced it. There are observable differences between education completion rates, gender behaviour in two parts of Europe. Regressions’ results support the idea of Communism having a positive effect towards primary and especially secondary education completion. There is an ambiguous effect towards tertiary education. Data suggests higher secondary and tertiary education completion rates and a smaller gender gap in educational attainments in post-Communist countries. This would advocate the relative effectiveness of this education policy.

Keywords: educational attainments; Communism; Eastern bloc; Western Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
ISBN: 978-84-944483-4-8
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