Economics and Finance of the Italian University at Crisis Times
Angela Besana ()
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Angela Besana: IULM University
Chapter 15 in Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, 2015, vol. 10, pp 299-308 from Asociación de Economía de la Educación
At Crisis Times Universities are forced to enlarge and diversify their stakeholders’ range. Resources are diminishing and the resource and revenue diversification is a must for both the European University and the Not-European One. Main stakeholders of universities are, first of all, students who are paying fees and any other client who is paying a service, from consultancy to research, from rentals to asset management. Next to students and other clients and public administrations (the State), very important stakeholders of Universities are philanthropists. First of all, they are research partners who are interested in focused alliances and joint venturing. The university places itself among the most significant producers of advanced research, a presence reflected in publications, research grants, inventions, laboratories, national and international prizes. Research partners often mix the patron role with being client of the university research. Secondly, philanthropists can be pure patrons who provide wealthy bequests for the University, above all in order to support a public good and a strong community identity. The third category of philanthropists includes ex alumni too, who create clubs who are volunteering as for time, in-kind resources and money. Marketing and fundraising, they have both been developed for more than two decades. This paper will focus on the Italian University and thanks to a cluster and neighbourhood analysis of the latest performances (2013), it will explain how the resource diversification is changing this universe, splitting the monolith of the public university into two main clusters.
Keywords: economics; finance; stakeholders; crisis; Italian University (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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