Rural Poverty and Ethnicity in China
Carlos Gradín ()
A chapter in Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility, 2015, vol. 23, pp 221-247 from Emerald Publishing Ltd
Abstract In this paper I investigate the nature of the differential in poverty by ethnicity in rural China using data from the Chinese Household Income Project in 2002. For that, I compare observed poverty with that in a counterfactual distribution in which ethnic minorities are given a set of relevant village and household characteristics of the Han majority. In particular, I investigate the importance of the location of minorities in explaining their higher poverty levels. The ethnic poverty differential does not change after equalizing the distribution of the population by geographical region (unless we use a higher poverty line). However, it is reduced after equalizing other locational characteristics of minorities (such as them living in less developed and mountainous areas), their larger number of children, their low education, and their fewer skilled non-agriculture workers. Finally, the ethnic per capita (log) income differential is shown to be higher for higher percentiles, with an increasing role of the geographical region as the main driver of these higher differentials.
Keywords: China; poverty; rural; ethnicity; decomposition; D63; I31; I32; J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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