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Zionism, Fascism, Racial Laws: The Case of Gino Arias: The abbreviations that follow will be adopted: AAG (Archive of the Academy of Georgofili, conserved at the Academy itself), AAL (Achille Loria’s archive, conserved at the State Archives of Turin), ACS (Central Archives of the State, conserved in Rome), AGA (Gino Arias’s archive, temporarily conserved at the chair of History of Economic Thought at the University of Florence), AJM (Jacopo Mazzei’s archive, conserved at his heirs’ place), RDL. (Royal Decree Law)

Omar Ottonelli

A chapter in A Research Annual, 2014, vol. 32, pp 83-125 from Emerald Publishing Ltd

Abstract: Abstract This essay aims at retracing the intellectual and biographical events of the economist Gino Arias (1879–1940), examining more in detail the two seasons at the opposite ends of his life: the early one that saw him considerably committed to the Zionist cause and the one that, thirty years later, would force him to confront the racial laws of the Fascist regime.Despite the seeming tragic continuity of these two phases, Arias’s case is a real historiographical paradox since, over the long span between the opposite ends of his biography, not only did he distance himself from the Zionist movement, but he also gradually laid the foundations for his upcoming and immediate dedication to Fascism; indeed, within the Fascist regime he would stand out as an authoritative and influential theorist of corporatism, the institutional solution Mussolini tried to exploit to organize the national economic life.After carefully examining Arias’s early contributions to the Zionist cause (that include the establishment of the Florentine Zionist Group and that led him toward strongly nationalistic stances), this essay sums up Arias’s intellectual biography during the next years and then, thanks to unprecedented documents from the Italian Ministry of Interior, closely looks into his fate after his conversion to Catholicism in 1932 and up against the racial laws of 1938, as well as into his attempts to escape persecution. A few final observations will then try to highlight the dramatic exemplarity of his case.

Keywords: Gino Arias; corporatism; Fascism; nationalism; racial laws; Zionism; B29; B31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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