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Migration, Remittances, and Rural Employment Patterns: Evidence from China

Sylvie Démurger () and Shi Li ()

A chapter in Labor Market Issues in China, 2013, vol. 37, pp 31-63 from Emerald Publishing Ltd

Abstract: This paper explores the rural labor market impact of migration in China using cross-sectional data on rural households for the year 2007. A switching probit model is used to estimate the impact of belonging to a migrant-sending household on the individual occupational choice categorized in four binary decisions: farm work, wage work, self-employment, and housework. The paper then goes on to estimate how the impact of migration differs across different types of migrant households identified along two additional lines: remittances and migration history. Results show that individual occupational choice in rural China is responsive to migration, at both the individual and the family levels, but the impacts differ: individual migration experience favors subsequent local off-farm work, whereas at the family level, migration drives the left-behinds to farming rather than to off-farm activities. Our results also point to the interplay of various channels through which migration influences rural employment patterns.

Keywords: Labor migration; labor supply; remittances; temporary migration; left-behind; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Related works:
Working Paper: Migration, remittances and rural employment patterns: Evidence from China (2013)
Working Paper: Migration, Remittances and Rural Employment Patterns: Evidence from China (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Migration, remittances and rural employment patterns: Evidence from China (2012)
Working Paper: Migration, Remittances and Rural Employment Patterns: Evidence from China (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Migration, remittances and rural employment patterns: Evidence from China (2012)
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