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The Short-Term Effects of the Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship on Student Outcomes

Timothy Bartik () and Marta Lachowska

A chapter in New Analyses of Worker Well-Being, 2014, vol. 38, pp 37-76 from Emerald Publishing Ltd

Abstract: Abstract In order to study whether college scholarships can be an effective tool in raising students’ performance in secondary school, we use one aspect of the Kalamazoo Promise that resembles a quasi-experiment. The surprise announcement of the scholarship created a large change in expected college tuition costs that varied across different groups of students based on past enrollment decisions. This variation is arguably exogenous to unobserved student characteristics. We estimate the effects of this change by a set of “difference-in-differences” regressions where we compare the change in student outcomes in secondary school across time for different student “length of enrollment” groups. We also control for student fixed effects. We find positive effects of the Kalamazoo Promise on Promise-eligible students large enough to be deemed important – about a 9 percent increase in the probability of earning any credits and one less suspension day per year. We also find large increases in GPA among African American students.

Keywords: Academic output; educational incentives; universal scholarship; natural experiment; I21; I22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Chapter: The Short-Term Effects of the Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship on Student Outcomes (2013)
Working Paper: The Short-Term Effects of the Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship on Student Outcomes (2012) Downloads
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