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Biosafety Regulation of Genetically Modified Orphan Crops in Developing Countries: A Way Forward

José Falck Zepeda and Joel I. Cohen
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Joel I. Cohen: International Food Policy Research Institute

Chapter Chapter 23 in Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology: Economics and Policy, 2006, pp 509-533 from Springer

Abstract: Abstract Orphan crops are critical to developing country strategies for poverty alleviation. However, some productivity constraints of orphan crops cannot be addressed by conventional research, but potentially through genetically modified (GM) crops. These undergo biosafety regulatory assessment in-country. Significant scientific and regulatory gaps exist for orphan crops, potential genes, and transformation protocols. Biosafety assessments of orphan crops may require generation of new information. This becomes difficult if extensive new data is asked for during research, especially for public sector institutions in developing countries investing in GM technologies. We propose alternative approaches to help orphan crops move forward in their testing and development, achieving safety goals, while taking into account the limited resources available for this effort.

Keywords: biosafety; regulations; orphan crops; developing countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2006
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DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-36953-2_23

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