Bt Resistance Management: The Economics of Refuges
George Frisvold ()
Chapter Chapter 24 in Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology: Economics and Policy, 2006, pp 535-557 from Springer
Abstract Refuge requirements have been the primary regulatory tool used to delay pest resistance to Bt crops. This chapter presents a simple method to estimate the annual cost of refuges to producers, applying it to Bt cotton. It also examines broader welfare impacts, estimating how Bt cotton acreage restrictions affect producer surplus, consumer surplus, seed supplier profits, and commodity program outlays. The implications of grower adoption behavior—partial adoption, aggregate adoption, and refuge choice—for regulatory costs are examined. Empirical examples illustrate how providing multiple refuge options significantly reduces regulatory costs.
Keywords: resistance management; refuges; technology adoption; Bt cotton (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:nrmchp:978-0-387-36953-2_24
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