Economics at your fingertips  

Regulation of Transgenic Crops Intended for Pharmaceutical and Industrial Uses

Gregory D. Graff
Additional contact information
Gregory D. Graff: University of California

Chapter Chapter 30 in Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology: Economics and Policy, 2006, pp 647-661 from Springer

Abstract: Abstract The most interesting case in regulation of non-food agricultural biotechnology products is the manufacture of novel pharmaceutical and industrial products. The current regulatory situation in the United States has arisen out of a political economy driven largely by the food industry’s risk exposure. Yet, the resulting “zero tolerance” regulatory situation appears inefficient and unstable: set up for another incident such as befell Aventis and ProdiGene. The regulatory situation could be resolved by taking dissemination and susceptibility characteristics into account in setting containment requirements, including threshold allowances in the case of minor breaches of containment. A workable regulatory regime will need to be driven by major agricultural states’ political interests, along with the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries, and mindful of the interests of the food industry. Countries intent on developing their domestic biotechnology industry might attract investment by providing a workable regulatory regime that ensures lower risk at lower cost.

Keywords: agricultural biotechnology; regulation; plant-made Pharmaceuticals (PMPs); plant-made industrial products (PMIPs); molecular farming (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2006
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This item can be ordered from

DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-36953-2_30

Access Statistics for this chapter

More chapters in Natural Resource Management and Policy from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

Page updated 2023-06-06
Handle: RePEc:spr:nrmchp:978-0-387-36953-2_30