EXPOSSURE TO RISK AND RISK MANAGEMENT IN SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE
Johannes Sauer and
No 209211, 55th Annual Conference, Giessen, Germany, September 23-25, 2015 from German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA)
Using a moment based approach, introduced by Antle for producers’ risk behavior elicitation, we develop an empirical model to evaluate the implication of risk preferences on farm portfolio decisions. With a comprehensive household level panel data of rounds of 2004 and 2009, we estimate risk aversion behavior of farm households in uncertain climate and market imperfections. To solve the problem of endogeneity, the risk parameter is instrumented in a two stage maximum likelihood estimation technique, and used as a determinant of the level of farm level diversification. We find that farmers with higher level of relative risk premium will more likely opt for diversified farms. The engagement of farm households to off and non-farm income generating activities could likely reduce the on-farm diversification level. On-farm diversification and engagement in off-farm and non-farm activities can be considered as substitutable risk mitigation strategies
Keywords: Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Exposure to Risk and Risk Management in Smallholder Agriculture (2016)
Working Paper: On Smallholder Farmers' Exposure to Risk and Adaptation Mechanisms: Panel Data Evidence from Ethiopia (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:gewi15:209211
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