Taxing Highly Processed Foods: Impacts on Obesity and Underweight in Sub-Saharan Africa
K. Urban and
Jean Balié ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Kirsten Boysen-Urban
No 275990, 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia from International Association of Agricultural Economists
The consumption of highly processed food has been singled out as one of the factors responsible for the rapidly increasing obesity prevalence and its associated non-communicable diseases and costs. While obesity prevalence is still comparatively low in the lower income Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), its development prospects render its markets especially interesting for these foods whose consumption is already growing at higher rates than in developed countries. This might be reflected in the massive rise in obesity prevalence growth rates in SSA over the past decade. Nevertheless, many of these countries are simultaneously struggling with high undernutrition prevalence. With a focus on SSA, this study econometrically investigates the effect of higher import tariffs on highly processed vis-a-vis less processed foods with respect to their impacts on obesity and underweight prevalence utilizing a newly constructed cross-country panel dataset. The effects of the tariff differences found are significant and substantial in cases differentiated by income level of the country as well as gender. The results more generally show that policies affecting the consumer price differential between the two food groups are effective for influencing obesity and underweight prevalence and that these two issues cannot be treated as being separate.
Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: TAXING HIGHLY PROCESSED FOODS: IMPACTS ON OBESITY AND UNDERWEIGHT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA (2018)
Working Paper: Taxing Highly Processed Foods - Impacts on Obesity and Underweight in Sub-Saharan Africa (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:iaae18:275990
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