The International Strategy of Firms: the Role of Endogenous Product Differentiation
Carl Gaigne and
Claude Mathieu ()
No 210271, Working Papers from Institut National de la recherche Agronomique (INRA), Departement Sciences Sociales, Agriculture et Alimentation, Espace et Environnement (SAE2)
We study the impact of trade liberalization on the international strategy of firms (to export and/or invest abroad as well as the number of products to be produced and exported) when product differentiation is endogenous. By considering product differentiation as a strategic variable, our analysis sheds new light on the impact of trade barriers on the decision to produce abroad and on the choice of product range, in accordance with recent empirical evidence. Indeed, we show that, even though technology exhibits the same productivity for each variety, firms drop some varieties with trade integration. In addition, our results reveal that, contrary to the standard theoretical literature, the relationship between the decision to export and trade costs is non-linear. When trade costs are relatively high, each firm export and is multi-product. Then, when trade costs take intermediate values, firms may invest abroad and the choice of producing abroad results from a prisoner's dilemma game. Finally, when trade costs are low, firms export but become single-product.
Keywords: International; Relations/Trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: The International Strategy of Firms: the Role of Endogenous Product Differentiation (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:inrasl:210271
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