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A Strategic Agricultural Sector and Food Security Diagnostic for Myanmar

Steven Haggblade () and Duncan Boughton ()

No 161372, Food Security International Development Working Papers from Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics

Abstract: Despite its enormous potential, Myanmar’s agriculture has underperformed over the past fifty years. Today, per capita earnings in agriculture average roughly $200 a year, one-half to one-third of the levels achieved by its regional peers. Given that two-thirds of the population works primarily in agriculture, low farm productivity translates into high rates of poverty and food insecurity. Currently, about one quarter of the population falls below the national poverty line. As a result, in spite of national rice self-sufficiency, food security for many households and individuals remains elusive. Poor households spend over 70% of their income on food. In addition, fully one-third of rural households borrow at some point during the year in order to purchase food. Even after shouldering this heavy financial burden, up to one-half of rural households report having to navigate two months each year without adequate food supplies, leaving one-third of the country’s children stunted.

Keywords: Agricultural; and; Food; Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 93
Date: 2013-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-cse and nep-sea
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:midiwp:161372

DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.161372

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