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Political Regime and Social Spending in Spain: A Time Series Analysis(1850-2000)

Sergio Espuelas ()

No 1616, Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) from Asociación Española de Historia Económica

Abstract: In the last 150 years, Spain has had a turbulent political history. What has been the impact on social policy? Democracy had a positive effect on both the levels and the long-run trend of social spending. In fact, the transition from a traditional regime (with low social spending levels) to a modern regime (with high social spending levels) started with the advent of democracy in 1931. Franco’s dictatorship, however, reversed this trend change, leading to a delay in the definitive growth of social spending in Spain. At the same time, the effect of left-wing parties was statistical significant only in the 30s (before the Keynesian consensus) and during the Restoration period (when the preferences of the lower income groups were systematically ignored).

Keywords: Welfare State; Dictatorship; Democracy; Redistribution; Spain; History of Social Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I30 H53 N30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-pol
Date: 2016-10
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Working Paper: Political Regime and Social Spending in Spain: A Time Series Analysis (1850-2000) (2016) Downloads
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