Long-term effects of weather during gestation on education and labor outcomes: Evidence from Peru
Manuel Barron (),
Sam Heft-Neal and
Additional contact information
Sam Heft-Neal: Standford University
Tania Perez: Universidad del Pacífico
No 134, Working Papers from Peruvian Economic Association
Extensive evidence shows that weather conditions during gestation affect birth outcomes and early childhood development in the developing world. Pairing weather data during gestation with education and labor outcomes for more than one million people, we show that in-utero weather has lasting effects through adulthood: temperature during gestation affects schooling attainment, earnings, and access to formal employment among females in Peru, but not among males. We identify maternal anemia as a key driver of these outcomes. Our findings suggest that the persistent negative effects of temperature around birth can be mitigated through improved health services for vulnerable mothers.
Keywords: Climate Change; Human Capital Formation; Labor Markets (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 I21 J16 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:apc:wpaper:134
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from Peruvian Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Nelson Ramírez-Rondán ().