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Switching-GAS Copula Models With Application to Systemic Risk

Mauro Bernardi and Leopoldo Catania ()

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Abstract: Recent financial disasters have emphasised the need to accurately predict extreme financial losses and their consequences for the institutions belonging to a given financial market. The ability of econometric models to predict extreme events strongly relies on their flexibility to account for the highly nonlinear and asymmetric dependence observed in financial returns. We develop a new class of flexible Copula models where the evolution of the dependence parameters follow a Markov-Switching Generalised Autoregressive Score (SGASC) dynamics. Maximum Likelihood estimation is consistently performed using the Inference Functions for Margins (IFM) approach and a version of the Expectation-Maximisation (EM) algorithm specifically tailored to this class of models. The SGASC models are then used to estimate the Conditional Value-at-Risk (CoVaR), which is defined as the VaR of a given asset conditional on another asset (or portfolio) being in financial distress, and the Conditional Expected Shortfall (CoES). Our empirical investigation shows that the proposed SGASC models are able to explain and predict the systemic risk contribution of several European countries. Moreover, we also find that the SGASC models outperform competitors using several CoVaR backtesting procedures.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-rmg
Date: 2015-04, Revised 2016-01
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