General Price Bounds for Guaranteed Annuity Options
Raj Kumari Bahl and
Papers from arXiv.org
In this paper, we are concerned with the valuation of Guaranteed Annuity Options (GAOs) under the most generalised modelling framework where both interest and mortality rates are stochastic and correlated. Pricing these type of options in the correlated environment is a challenging task and no closed form solution exists in the literature. We employ the use of doubly stochastic stopping times to incorporate the randomness about the time of death and employ a suitable change of measure to facilitate the valuation of survival benefit, there by adapting the payoff of the GAO in terms of the payoff of a basket call option. We derive general price bounds for GAOs by utilizing a conditioning approach for the lower bound and arithmetic-geometric mean inequality for the upper bound. The theory is then applied to affine models to present some very interesting formulae for the bounds under the affine set up. Numerical examples are furnished and benchmarked against Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the price of a GAO for a variety of affine processes governing the evolution of mortality and the interest rate.
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