Semiparametric GARCH via Bayesian model averaging
Wilson Ye Chen and
Richard H. Gerlach
Papers from arXiv.org
As the dynamic structure of the financial markets is subject to dramatic changes, a model capable of providing consistently accurate volatility estimates must not make strong assumptions on how prices change over time. Most volatility models impose a particular parametric functional form that relates an observed price change to a volatility forecast (news impact function). We propose a new class of functional coefficient semiparametric volatility models where the news impact function is allowed to be any smooth function, and study its ability to estimate volatilities compared to the well known parametric proposals, in both a simulation study and an empirical study with real financial data. We estimate the news impact function using a Bayesian model averaging approach, implemented via a carefully developed Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling algorithm. Using simulations we show that our flexible semiparametric model is able to learn the shape of the news impact function from the observed data. When applied to real financial time series, our new model suggests that the news impact functions are significantly different in shapes for different asset types, but are similar for the assets of the same type.
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