A Consistent Variance Estimator for 2SLS When Instruments Identify Different LATEs
Seojeong Lee ()
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Under treatment effect heterogeneity, an instrument identifies the instrument-specific local average treatment effect (LATE). With multiple instruments, two-stage least squares (2SLS) estimand is a weighted average of different LATEs. What is often overlooked in the literature is that the postulated moment condition evaluated at the 2SLS estimand does not hold unless those LATEs are the same. If so, the conventional heteroskedasticity-robust variance estimator would be inconsistent, and 2SLS standard errors based on such estimators would be incorrect. I derive the correct asymptotic distribution, and propose a consistent asymptotic variance estimator by using the result of Hall and Inoue (2003, Journal of Econometrics) on misspecified moment condition models. This can be used to correctly calculate the standard errors regardless of whether there is more than one LATE or not.
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Published in Lee, S. (2017). A Consistent Variance Estimator for 2SLS When Instruments Identify Different LATEs. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, 1-11
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Journal Article: A Consistent Variance Estimator for 2SLS When Instruments Identify Different LATEs (2018)
Working Paper: A Consistent Variance Estimator for 2SLS When Instruments Identify Different LATEs (2015)
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