Religion and Terrorism: Evidence from Ramadan Fasting
Paul Raschky () and
Anthony Strittmatter ()
Papers from arXiv.org
We study the effect of religion and intense religious experiences on terrorism by focusing on one of the five pillars of Islam: Ramadan fasting. For identification, we exploit two facts: First, daily fasting from dawn to sunset during Ramadan is considered mandatory for most Muslims. Second, the Islamic calendar is not synchronized with the solar cycle. We find a robust negative effect of more intense Ramadan fasting on terrorist events within districts and country-years in predominantly Muslim countries. This effect seems to operate partly through decreases in public support for terrorism and the operational capabilities of terrorist groups.
Date: 2018-10, Revised 2020-03
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:arx:papers:1810.09869
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