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Weak Identification and Estimation of Social Interaction Models

Guy Tchuente ()

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Abstract: The identification of the network effect is based on either group size variation, the structure of the network or the relative position in the network. I provide easy-to-verify necessary conditions for identification of undirected network models based on the number of distinct eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix. Identification of network effects is possible; although in many empirical situations existing identification strategies may require the use of many instruments or instruments that could be strongly correlated with each other. The use of highly correlated instruments or many instruments may lead to weak identification or many instruments bias. This paper proposes regularized versions of the two-stage least squares (2SLS) estimators as a solution to these problems. The proposed estimators are consistent and asymptotically normal. A Monte Carlo study illustrates the properties of the regularized estimators. An empirical application, assessing a local government tax competition model, shows the empirical relevance of using regularization methods.

Date: 2019-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm, nep-net and nep-ure
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