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Common Decomposition of Correlated Brownian Motions and its Financial Applications

Tianyao Chen, Xue Cheng and Jingping Yang

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Abstract: In this paper, we develop a theory of common decomposition for two correlated Brownian motions, in which, by using change of time method, the correlated Brownian motions are represented by a triple of processes, $(X,Y,T)$, where $X$ and $Y$ are independent Brownian motions. We show the equivalent conditions for the triple being independent. We discuss the connection and difference of the common decomposition with the local correlation model. Indicated by the discussion, we propose a new method for constructing correlated Brownian motions which performs very well in simulation. For applications, we use these very general results for pricing of two-factor financial derivatives whose payoffs rely very much on the correlations of underlyings. And in addition, with the help of numerical method, we also make a discussion of the pricing deviation when substituting a constant correlation model for a general one.

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Date: 2019-07
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