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Predicting tail events in a RIA-EVT-Copula framework

Wei-Zhen Li, Jin-Rui Zhai, Zhi-Qiang Jiang, Gang-Jin Wang and Wei-Xing Zhou
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Wei-Zhen Li: ECUST
Jin-Rui Zhai: ECUST
Zhi-Qiang Jiang: ECUST
Gang-Jin Wang: HNU

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Abstract: Predicting the occurrence of tail events is of great importance in financial risk management. By employing the method of peak-over-threshold (POT) to identify the financial extremes, we perform a recurrence interval analysis (RIA) on these extremes. We find that the waiting time between consecutive extremes (recurrence interval) follow a $q$-exponential distribution and the sizes of extremes above the thresholds (exceeding size) conform to a generalized Pareto distribution. We also find that there is a significant correlation between recurrence intervals and exceeding sizes. We thus model the joint distribution of recurrence intervals and exceeding sizes through connecting the two corresponding marginal distributions with the Frank and AMH copula functions, and apply this joint distribution to estimate the hazard probability to observe another extreme in $\Delta t$ time since the last extreme happened $t$ time ago. Furthermore, an extreme predicting model based on RIA-EVT-Copula is proposed by applying a decision-making algorithm on the hazard probability. Both in-sample and out-of-sample tests reveal that this new extreme forecasting framework has better performance in prediction comparing with the forecasting model based on the hazard probability only estimated from the distribution of recurrence intervals. Our results not only shed a new light on understanding the occurring pattern of extremes in financial markets, but also improve the accuracy to predict financial extremes for risk management.

Date: 2020-04, Revised 2020-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm, nep-for and nep-rmg
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