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Identifying Causal Effects in Experiments with Spillovers and Non-compliance

Francis J. DiTraglia, Camilo Garcia-Jimeno, Rossa O'Keeffe-O'Donovan and Alejandro Sanchez-Becerra
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Francis J. DiTraglia: Department of Economics University of Oxford
Camilo Garcia-Jimeno: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Rossa O'Keeffe-O'Donovan: Department of Economics University of Oxford
Alejandro Sanchez-Becerra: Department of Quantitative Theory and Methods, Emory University

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Abstract: This paper shows how to use a randomized saturation experimental design to identify and estimate causal effects in the presence of spillovers--one person's treatment may affect another's outcome--and one-sided non-compliance--subjects can only be offered treatment, not compelled to take it up. Two distinct causal effects are of interest in this setting: direct effects quantify how a person's own treatment changes her outcome, while indirect effects quantify how her peers' treatments change her outcome. We consider the case in which spillovers occur within known groups, and take-up decisions are invariant to peers' realized offers. In this setting we point identify the effects of treatment-on-the-treated, both direct and indirect, in a flexible random coefficients model that allows for heterogeneous treatment effects and endogenous selection into treatment. We go on to propose a feasible estimator that is consistent and asymptotically normal as the number and size of groups increases. We apply our estimator to data from a large-scale job placement services experiment, and find negative indirect treatment effects on the likelihood of employment for those willing to take up the program. These negative spillovers are offset by positive direct treatment effects from own take-up.

Date: 2020-11, Revised 2023-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-exp
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Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2011.07051