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Public preferences for marine plastic litter reductions across Europe

Salma Khedr, Katrin Rehdanz, Roy Brouwer, Hanna Dijkstra, Sem Duijndam, Pieter van Beukering and Ikechukwu C. Okoli

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Abstract: Plastic pollution is one of the most challenging problems affecting the marine environment of our time. Based on a unique dataset covering four European seas and eight European countries, this paper adds to the limited empirical evidence base related to the societal welfare effects of marine litter management. We use a discrete choice experiment to elicit public willingness-to-pay (WTP) for macro and micro plastic removal to achieve Good Environmental Status across European seas as required by the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Using a common valuation design and following best-practice guidelines, we draw meaningful comparisons between countries, seas and policy contexts. European citizens have strong preferences to improve the environmental status of the marine environment by removing both micro and macro plastic litter favouring a pan-European approach. However, public WTP estimates differ significantly across European countries and seas. We explain why and discuss implications for policymaking.

Date: 2021-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dcm, nep-env and nep-eur
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Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2107.03957