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On the probability of the Condorcet Jury Theorem or the Miracle of Aggregation

\'Alvaro Romaniega

Papers from arXiv.org

Abstract: The Condorcet Jury Theorem or the Miracle of Aggregation are frequently invoked to ensure the competence of some aggregate decision-making processes. In this article we explore an estimation of the prior probability of the thesis predicted by the theorem (if there are enough voters, majority rule is a competent decision procedure). We use tools from measure theory to conclude that, prima facie, it will fail almost surely. To update this prior either more evidence in favor of competence would be needed or a modification of the decision rule. Following the latter, we investigate how to obtain an almost sure competent information aggregation mechanism for almost any evidence on voter competence (including the less favorable ones). To do so, we substitute simple majority rule by weighted majority rule based on some weights correlated with epistemic rationality such that every voter is guaranteed a minimal weight equal to one.

Date: 2021-08, Revised 2022-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-isf and nep-mic
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Published in Mathematical Social Sciences, 2022

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