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Composite Likelihood for Stochastic Migration Model with Unobserved Factor

Antoine Djogbenou, Christian Gouri\'eroux, Joann Jasiak and Maygol Bandehali

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Abstract: We introduce the conditional Maximum Composite Likelihood (MCL) estimation method for the stochastic factor ordered Probit model of credit rating transitions of firms. This model is recommended for internal credit risk assessment procedures in banks and financial institutions under the Basel III regulations. Its exact likelihood function involves a high-dimensional integral, which can be approximated numerically before maximization. However, the estimated migration risk and required capital tend to be sensitive to the quality of this approximation, potentially leading to statistical regulatory arbitrage. The proposed conditional MCL estimator circumvents this problem and maximizes the composite log-likelihood of the factor ordered Probit model. We present three conditional MCL estimators of different complexity and examine their consistency and asymptotic normality when n and T tend to infinity. The performance of these estimators at finite T is examined and compared with a granularity-based approach in a simulation study. The use of the MCL estimator is also illustrated in an empirical application.

Date: 2021-09, Revised 2023-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm, nep-isf and nep-ore
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Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2109.09043