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On the Dynamics of Solid, Liquid and Digital Gold Futures

Toshiko Matsui, Ali Al-Ali and William J. Knottenbelt

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Abstract: This paper examines the determinants of the volatility of futures prices and basis for three commodities: gold, oil and bitcoin -- often dubbed solid, liquid and digital gold -- by using contract-by-contract analysis which has been previously applied to crude oil futures volatility investigations. By extracting the spot and futures daily prices as well as the maturity, trading volume and open interest data for the three assets from 18th December 2017 to 30th November 2021, we find a positive and significant role for trading volume and a possible negative influence of open interest, when significant, in shaping the volatility in all three assets, supporting earlier findings in the context of oil futures. Additionally, we find maturity has a relatively positive significance for bitcoin and oil futures price volatility. Furthermore, our analysis demonstrates that maturity affects the basis of bitcoin and gold positively -- confirming the general theory that the basis converges to zero as maturity nears for bitcoin and gold -- while oil is affected in both directions.

Date: 2022-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa, nep-ene, nep-fmk, nep-pay and nep-rmg
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Published in 2022 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC)

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