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Optimal Investment and Equilibrium Pricing under Ambiguity

Michail Anthropelos and Paul Schneider

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Abstract: We consider portfolio selection under nonparametric $\alpha$-maxmin ambiguity in the neighbourhood of a reference distribution. We show strict concavity of the portfolio problem under ambiguity aversion. Implied demand functions are nondifferentiable, resemble observed bid-ask spreads, and are consistent with existing parametric limiting participation results under ambiguity. Ambiguity seekers exhibit a discontinuous demand function, implying an empty set of reservation prices. If agents have identical, or sufficiently similar prior beliefs, the first-best equilibrium is no trade. Simple conditions yield the existence of a Pareto-efficient second-best equilibrium, implying that heterogeneity in ambiguity preferences is sufficient for mutually beneficial transactions among all else homogeneous traders. These equilibria reconcile many observed phenomena in liquid high-information financial markets, such as liquidity dry-ups, portfolio inertia, and negative risk premia.

Date: 2022-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mic and nep-upt
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