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Travel time reliability in transportation networks: A review of methodological developments

Zhaoqi Zang, Xiangdong Xu, Kai Qu, Ruiya Chen and Anthony Chen

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Abstract: The unavoidable travel time variability in transportation networks, resulted from the widespread supply side and demand side uncertainties, makes travel time reliability (TTR) be a common and core interest of all the stakeholders in transportation systems, including planners, travelers, service providers, and managers. This common and core interest stimulates extensive studies on modeling TTR. Researchers have developed a range of theories and models of TTR, many of which have been incorporated into transportation models, policies, and project appraisals. Adopting the network perspective, this paper aims to provide an integrated framework for reviewing the methodological developments of modeling TTR in transportation networks, including its characterization, evaluation and valuation, and traffic assignment. Specifically, the TTR characterization provides a whole picture of travel time distribution in transportation networks. TTR evaluation and TTR valuation (known as the value of reliability, VOR) simply and intuitively interpret abstract characterized TTR to be well understood by different stakeholders of transportation systems. TTR-based traffic assignment investigates the effects of TTR on the individual users travel behavior and consequently the collective network flow pattern. As the above three topics are mainly separately studied in different disciplines and research areas, the integrated framework allows us to better understand their relationships and may contribute to developing possible combinations of TTR modeling philosophy. Also, the network perspective enables to focus on common challenges of modeling TTR, especially the uncertainty propagation from the uncertainty sources to the TTR at spatial levels including link, route, and the entire network. Some directions for future research are discussed in the era of new data environment, applications, and emerging technologies.

Date: 2022-06, Revised 2022-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-net, nep-tre and nep-ure
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Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2206.12696