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Nonparametric Estimation of Large Spot Volatility Matrices for High-Frequency Financial Data

Ruijun Bu, Degui Li, Oliver Linton and Hanchao Wang

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Abstract: In this paper, we consider estimating spot/instantaneous volatility matrices of high-frequency data collected for a large number of assets. We first combine classic nonparametric kernel-based smoothing with a generalised shrinkage technique in the matrix estimation for noise-free data under a uniform sparsity assumption, a natural extension of the approximate sparsity commonly used in the literature. The uniform consistency property is derived for the proposed spot volatility matrix estimator with convergence rates comparable to the optimal minimax one. For the high-frequency data contaminated by microstructure noise, we introduce a localised pre-averaging estimation method that reduces the effective magnitude of the noise. We then use the estimation tool developed in the noise-free scenario, and derive the uniform convergence rates for the developed spot volatility matrix estimator. We further combine the kernel smoothing with the shrinkage technique to estimate the time-varying volatility matrix of the high-dimensional noise vector. In addition, we consider large spot volatility matrix estimation in time-varying factor models with observable risk factors and derive the uniform convergence property. We provide numerical studies including simulation and empirical application to examine the performance of the proposed estimation methods in finite samples.

Date: 2023-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mst and nep-rmg
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Working Paper: Nonparametric Estimation of Large Spot Volatility Matrices for High-Frequency Financial Data (2022) Downloads
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