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The Initial and Dynamic Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Crime in New Zealand

Lydia Cheung () and Philip Gunby
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Lydia Cheung: Auckland University of Technology

No 2023-03, Working Papers from Auckland University of Technology, Department of Economics

Abstract: We use seasonal ARIMA methods to study the imposition and removal of national uniform social distancing restrictions in response to Covid-19 in New Zealand for six crime types in six cities. We then use the estimated models to forecast counterfactual crime trajectories. Novel elements include cleanly defined lockdown periods, two dis- tinct lockdowns with meaningful gaps between them, and sizeable periods after each one to allow for dynamics. We find that social restrictions initially lower offending, subsequent lockdowns have smaller impacts on offending, “bounce back” occurs in criminal offending after their removal, and bounce back is faster from subsequent lockdowns.

JEL-codes: C22 H75 K14 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ets, nep-law and nep-ure
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