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The Initial and Dynamic Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Crime in New Zealand

Lydia Cheung and Philip Gunby

Working Papers in Economics from University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance

Abstract: We use seasonal ARIMA methods to study the imposition and removal of national uniform social distancing restrictions in response to Covid-19 in New Zealand for six crime types in six cities. We then use the estimated models to forecast counterfactual crime trajectories. Novel elements include cleanly defined lockdown periods, two distinct lockdowns with meaningful gaps between them, and sizable periods after each one to allow for dynamics. We find that social restrictions initially lower offending, subsequent lockdowns have smaller impacts on offending, “bounce back” occurs in criminal offending after their removal, and bounce back is faster from subsequent lockdowns.

Keywords: COVID-19; lockdown; crime; counterfactual; bounce back (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 H75 K14 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2023-03-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-law and nep-ure
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https://repec.canterbury.ac.nz/cbt/econwp/2303.pdf (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: The Initial and Dynamic Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Crime in New Zealand (2023) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cbt:econwp:23/03

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