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Does Social Conflict in Rural Regions Decrease Firm Ownership? Evidence from the Mining Sector in Latin America

Alberto Chong and Paul Haslam
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Paul Haslam: University of Ottawa, Canada

International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU from International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University

Abstract: Using firm-level data for five countries in Latin America, we find a negative and statistically significant link between social conflict in rural areas and ownership of mines. We apply an instrumental variables approach and find that this link may be causal. The instrument employed is altitude of the mine location—which we claim is uncorrelated with the dependent variable, firm ownership—but is correlated with social conflict. This variable serves as an ideal instrument, as it complies with the exclusion restriction. Our results hold to a formal test of changes in specification.

Pages: 22 pages
Date: 2019-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dev and nep-ltv
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https://icepp.gsu.edu/files/2019/08/paper1909.pdf (application/pdf)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ays:ispwps:paper1909

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